General Issues of Fasts

A fast can only be effective if Jews who have sinned [and are now repenting] participate, as symbolized by the chelbanah in the ketoret [Temple incense]: Keritot 6b

The Reward for Fast Days is in giving Tzedakah to support Paupers afterward: Berachot 6b (see Rashi)

Whether one is permitted to cause pain to himself, by voluntarily refraining from something: Nedarim 10a

Fasting as a form of prayer: Sotah 12a

The value of committing to fast at a future date, even if one cannot fast right now: Taanit 8b

Having a gathering in the morning for self-examination of transgressions: Megillah 30b

Working on a fast day: Megillah 22b

Keeping an extra day of fasting for calendar error: Pesachim 54b

The main part of the suffering, in terms of commemorative fasting, is the initial stage: Taanit 29a

Whether it is better to have a "bent" or straight heart: Rosh HaShanah 26b

What time fasting starts: Pesachim 2b

Tasting food without swallowing: Berachot 14a [See Tos. #2]

Fasting in repentance for having fasted on a day when fasting isn't allowed: Rosh HaShanah 18b

Fasting on the day before or day after a holiday: Eruvin 41a; Rosh HaShanah 19a

Fasting on a Friday, up until Shabbat: Eruvin 40b-41b; Taanit 27b

Abbaye's mother told him that only in their twelfth year should girls start observing communal fasts, and only in their thirteenth year should boys start observing communal fasts, one year before their respective fasting requirements: Ketuvot 50a

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